Discover the ins and outs of Constitutional law Are you a student looking for trusted, plain-English guidance on the ins and outs of Constitutional law? Look no further! Constitutional Law For Dummies provides a detailed study guide tracking to this commonly required law course. It breaks down complicated material and gives you a through outline of the parameters and applications of the U.S. Constitution in modern, easy-to-understand language. Critical information on the Constitution's foundations, powers, and limitations A modern analysis of the Constitution's amendments Detailed information on the Supreme Court and federalism Explaining outdated governmental jargon in current, up-to-date terms, Constitutional Law For Dummies is just what you need for quick learning and complete understanding. Students studying government will also find this to be a useful supplement to a variety of courses.
American Constitutional History presents a concise introduction to the constitutional developments that have taken place over the past 225 years, treating trends from history, law, and political science. Presents readers with a brief and accessible introduction to more than two centuries of U.S. constitutional history Explores constitutional history chronologically, breaking U.S. history into five distinct periods Reveals the full sweep of constitutional changes through a focus on issues relating to economic developments, civil rights and civil liberties, and executive power Reflects the evolution of constitutional changes all the way up to the conclusion of the June 2015 Supreme Court term
Based on papers given at a conference at King's College,London, in 1998, Foundations of Charity brings together established scholarsin the fields of charity law, public law, and trusts law, and internationally recognized writers on social policy and legal philosophy, from England and Wales, Scotland, Australia, Canada and the United States. The contributors take an iconoclastic approach to the legal definition of charitable status, and provide an indepth analysis of key concepts in charity law and administration, such as "public benefit" and "political activity". The combination of their different perspectives on "charity" produces a varied, stimulating, and challenging collection. It will be essential reading for academics, practising lawyers and voluntary sector managers who are looking for a sustained critique of "charity".Based on papers given at a conference at King's College,London, in 1998, Foundations of Charity brings together established scholarsin the fields of charity law, public law, and trusts law, and internationally recognized writers on social policy and legal philosophy, from England and Wales, Scotland, Australia, Canada and the United States. The contributors take an iconoclastic approach to the legal definition of charitable status, and provide an indepth analysis of key concepts in charity law and administration, such as "public benefit" and "political activity". The combination of their different perspectives on "charity" produces a varied, stimulating,...
Make sense of the new regulatory requirements with expert clarification and practical tools for compliance Private Foundations: Tax Law and Compliance, 5th Edition provides clarification, expert insight, and helpful instruction for executives and supporting professionals navigating extensive federal tax law requirements. Despite their relatively low numbers, private foundations are subject to complex, burdensome regulations that continue to expand; the recent tax overhaul has compounded this issue, bringing massive changes beyond the usual annual adjustments, and throwing a wrench into the status quo of compliance-as-usual. This book summarizes and clarifies the statutory regulations governing private foundations, offers expert insight into the underlying logic, and provides a host of practical tools that ease the filing process and help ensure compliance with the latest laws. Detailed explanations are bolstered by checklists, sample documents and letters, practice forms, and real-world examples in order to provide both conceptual and practical guidance for maintaining tax-exempt eligibility and tax compliance. By untangling the complex maze of constantly-evolving requirements, this book offers a much-needed resource to those tasked with ensuring compliance amidst regulatory changes year after year. Learn how the recent changes to tax laws affect private foundations and related organizations Understand the practical implications of maintaining compliance Access critical tools that help streamline the filing process Avoid mistakes and oversights with line-by-line instruction This book is updated annually to provide guidance based on the most recent iteration of the law, but this year’s edition is unusually critical; federal law has undergone sweeping changes that will substantially alter filings across the board, and the complex nature of the regulations governing private foundations promises additional confusion as the new laws are applied. Private Foundations: Tax Law and Compliance, 5th Edition provides insight, clarification, and explanation from the nation’s leading authority on tax-exempt organizations to help private foundations maintain compliance amidst the changes.
This book covers the philosophical and ethical foundations of the professional practice of health education in school, community, work site and hospital settings, as well as in health promotion consultant activities. Designed to be flexible, readers are prompted to develop their own philosophical and ethical approach(s) to the field after becoming familiar with the literature related to the discipline. It provides a state-of-the-art, conceptual framework and is targeted for health education majors who seek careers in health education and to provide other health science and health-related majors, who need to gain clear, succinct philosophical principles.
This book is the first comparative and interdisciplinary study of constitutional politics and constitution-making in the Middle East. The historical background and setting are fully explored in two substantial essays by Linda Darling and Said Amir Arjomand, placing the contemporary experience in the contexts, respectively, of the ancient Middle Eastern legal and political tradition and of the nineteenth and twentieth century legal codification and political modernization. These are followed by Ann Mayer's general analysis of the treatment of human rights in relation to Islam in Middle Eastern constitutions, and Nathan Brown's comparative scrutiny of the process of constitution-making in Iran, Afghanistan and Iraq with reference to the available constitutional theories which are shown to throw little or no light on it. The remaining essays are country by country case studies of Turkey, Afghanistan and Iraq, the case of Iran having been covered by Arjomand as the special point of reference. Mehmet Fevzi Bilgin examines the making and subsequent transformation of the Turkish Constitution of 1982 against current theories of constitutional and deliberative democracy, while Hootan Shambayati examines the institutional mechanism for protecting the ideological foundations of the Turkish Republic, most notably the Turkish Constitutional Court, which offers a surprising parallel to the Iranian Council of Guardians. Arjomand's introduction brings together the bumpy experience of the Mid...
This book suggests the structure of the surrounding world and the dialectics of homo sapiens in the framework of the energoinformational concept of worldview. Here, the philosophical foundations of popular theories of technological singularity, trans-post humanism and of the IT-industry, in general, are considered. The book provides examples of specific application areas of dialectical methodology viewed as a matrix for scientific research.This book is intended for a wide audience.
This new work clarifies Aquinas’ concept of natural law through his biblical commentaries, and explores its applications to U.S. constitutional law. The first time the use of Aquinas on the U.S. Supreme Court has been explored in depth, and its applications tested through a rigorous reading of the biblical commentaries Shows how key judgments in the Supreme Court have rested on medieval natural law, and applies critical gender theory to discuss problems with these applications Offers new research data to give a different picture of Aquinas and natural law, and a fresh take on Aquinas’ biblical commentaries New research based on passages in the biblical commentaries never before available in English
Now your foundation can be fully informed about the basic legal requirements affecting private foundations and avoid the perils lurking in nonprofit tax law traps. Private Foundation Law Made Easy clearly shows you how, with information on reaping the charitable and tax advantages of your private foundation. Filled with straightforward guidance, author Bruce Hopkins?a leading authority on the laws regulating private foundations?demystifies this topic for you and your board members with practical legal information in easy-to-understand English.
This is the first interdisciplinary exploration of the philosophical foundations of the Web, a new area of inquiry that has important implications across a range of domains. Contains twelve essays that bridge the fields of philosophy, cognitive science, and phenomenology Tackles questions such as the impact of Google on intelligence and epistemology, the philosophical status of digital objects, ethics on the Web, semantic and ontological changes caused by the Web, and the potential of the Web to serve as a genuine cognitive extension Brings together insightful new scholarship from well-known analytic and continental philosophers, such as Andy Clark and Bernard Stiegler, as well as rising scholars in “digital native” philosophy and engineering Includes an interview with Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the Web
It describes the universal law of the universe. Truth – it, if it is true, must answer all questions – existential, scientific, philosophical, about the meaning of life. So many implications of this discovery. Here I tried to describe the quintessence of the fact that humankind searched for the entire history of its existence, and everything else that follows from this, and the consequences will be understood by you in a deductive way.
Raising funds to fulfill a nonprofit organization's goals is critical to its success, but fundraising regulations are an increasingly complex maze. The Law of Fundraising, Fifth Edition is the definitive guide to demystifying federal and state fundraising regulations. With new discussion on Internet fundraising, political fundraising laws, and international fundraising, this book details federal and state laws, with an emphasis on administrative, tax, and constitutional laws. This guide is supplemented annually to keep nonprofit professionals on top of the latest fundraising legal developments.
Musimathics – The Mathematical Foundations of Music Volume 2
ENGLISH FOR LAW STUDENTS is a part of the university course of legal English for academic purposes. It is addressed to law students of noncommon law countries. It is aimed at teaching students to understand the language of English law, its fundamental concepts and institutions. Its goal is to enable students to deal with different types of legal texts, to become knowledgeable in current legal issues, to use proper English legal terms with regard to their own legal systems. The final objective is to stimulate students’ interest in law and language. Although English for Law Students is designed as a part of the university course of legal English it can also be useful for students of the humanities, economics, social and political sciences, etc. in their self-study of English law and language.
The latest developments in fundraising law, with expert insight and practical tools The Law of Fundraising is the classic guide on the subject, written by two of the US authorities on the law of tax-exempt organizations. This 2016 Supplement is the first update to the comprehensive fifth edition, detailing the latest developments in the law governing fundraising. New coverage includes proposed regulations concerning an exception to the charitable gift substantiation rules, IRS rulings concerning fundraising organizations, additional information about online fundraising and Form 990 filing requirements in the states, and tax reform proposals. Federal and state laws are examined in detail, with an emphasis on administrative, tax, and constitutional law, and the roles of fundraising professionals themselves are discussed in relation to compliance issues, prospective laws, and regulatory trends. The companion website features a host of practical tools including tables, appendices, IRS examination guidelines, checklists, sample forms, and more, bringing clarification to the practical aspects of fundraising law. State and federal fundraising regulations are becoming increasingly complex, and at times, seemingly contradictory. This helpful guide simplifies the maze, providing expert insight and the most current guidelines. Get up to date on state and federal fundraising laws Understand the nuances of Internet, political, and international fundraising Explore the legal responsibilities of fundraising professionals Access cases, IRS rulings, and sample forms for practical reference Fundraising is critical for nonprofit organizations, but navigating the twists, turns, and dead ends of fundraising regulations is complicated enough that important aspects are easily overlooked—with potentially disastrous consequences. Lawyers and nonprofit professionals alike will find the clarity and answers they seek alongside world-class insight in The Law of Fundraising, Fifth Edition, 2016 Supplement.